Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park - is the oldest and the finest park of the Indian subcontinent,
located across two districts, Pauri Garhwal and Nainital, at the Shivalik foothills
between the Himalayas and the Terai. Its named after the famous man-eater hunter-turned-conservationist
Jim Corbett who played a key role in the parks' establishments Hailey National Park
on 8th August 1936. After independence it was renamed to Ramganga National Park.
After the death of Jim Corbett the park was renamed as Corbett National Park, in
the memory of its late founder, also the author of the book "MAN-EATERS of KUMAUN”.
On 1st April 1973 the government launched an ambitious conservation program, “PROJECT
TIGER” to secure the preservation of tigers and protection of all major ecosystems
in the tiger range by using the animal as a symbol of national heritage. Corbett
National Park a.k.a Corbett tiger reserve became the launch site of the project.
Corbett Tiger Reserve is spread over an area of 1288.54sq.km and is famous for its
rich bio-diversity. It is the first national park in India that has more than 520.8
sq. km of area comprising hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grass lands
and large lakes.Almost 73 per cent of the park is covered with dense moist deciduous
forest full of Sal, Haldu, Pipal, Rohini and mango trees.
The park is considered as an ecotourism destination, with around 110 species of
flora and 50 species of mammals, 580 species of birds and 25 species of reptiles.
Along with other problems of preservation of wildlife and nature, the increase in
tourist activities continues to present a serious challenge to the ecosystem.For
tourists and wildlife lovers, Corbett National Park is considered heaven. According
to Corbett officials, more than 70,000 visitors come to the park from all over the
World Wildlife Fund for Nature has covered Corbett National Park under their Terai
Arc Landscape Programme in order to protect the three of the five endangered species
of Terrestrial Flagship, the Tiger, the Elephant and the One-Horned Rhinoceros,
by restoring corridors to link up the 13 protected areas of Nepal and India to enable